Bible Top 1000



God's Divine Characteristics
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God is described by three terms; Omnipotent (He's all-powerful), Omniscient (He knows everything) and Omnipresent He's present everywhere). These terms aren't found in Scripture (with the sole exception of Omnipotent in Rev. 19:6), but the ideas conveyed are in the Bible.

God's Omnipotent---"the Almighty reigns" is the song of the redeemed; the text provides two basic aspects of the Almighty God and the Sovereign God.

The Almighty God---When God talked with Abraham, He announced Himself as "God Almighty" (Gen. 28:3). Isaac used the title in his blessing of his son Jacob, when God revealed Himself to Jacob. When God revealed Himself to Jacob it was as "God Almighty". The name used in these narratives is the Hebrew word, El-Shaddai...a God who's all-powerful and impregnable. The term's not confined to Genesis, it's used throughout both the Old and New Testament.

God's Incomparable in quality---God's power is unique. In Job, Elihu said that God is "exalted in His power" (Job 36:22). King Jehoshaphat knew that God's power was great. Power "belongs to God"...enemies cringe before it and are scattered. It's sovereign power. He uses it as He chooses. Believing people love to sing and talk about it. Men praise God for it. They long to proclaim it.

Displayed in creation---God's creative power is often mentioned in Scripture. Prophets declared that God made the earth. The exultant song of praise in Heaven focuses on "Worthy art thou, our Lord for thou didst create all things. (Rev:4:11) Even the unbelieving can discern God's power by observing the created world.

Manifested in history---The deliverance of Israel is a superb illustration of God's power. Pharaoh was but an instrument. (Rom. 9:17) But Pharaoh rebelled against God's invincible might. And once God delivered His people, it was recognized that it was by God's great power that they had been saved (Exod. 32:11) He even used the winds. No obstacle was allowed to stand...this was done that subsequent generations might know of His power---prosperity was also due to God's power...so great is His power that even on these occasions His power was veiled. (Hab. 3:4)

Revealed in Christ---The unique circumstances attending the conception of Jesus were due to the "power of the Most High". (LK. 1:35) Christ is "the power of God". His healing miracles were God's power. Men were allowed to crucify Him, but by God's unique power Christ was raised from the dead. By that same power we too shall be raised (1 Cor. 6:14).

Proved in experience---The power of God's not reserved for dramatic events or certain occasions...it's available now to believers. God's power sustains them. David knew this in his afflictions, and Paul realized its truth in physical suffering. (2 Cor. 12:9) The early Christian came to realize that God was pleased to use weak men and women. The Christian message could be communicated when the messengers were dependent on God's power. This power was a constantly renewed experience. With this assurance men can endure suffering. It's by this power that believers are kept. (1 Pet. 1:5) This transforming, saving and keeping power is the theme of the Gospel of redemption. His power sustains those in danger of death.(Psa. 79:11) God's voice is powerful...the Word of God is powerful...yet it's possible to be familiar with Scripture and remain ignorant of the power of God. God is the Everlasting King---in complete control and His purposes can't be thwarted. (Job. 42:2) God is Sovereign.

The Sovereign God...

In the affairs of His world---Sovereign God reigns over the world. He rules nations which don't acknowledge Him. (2 Chron. 20:6) He works in heathen leaders--- even ruthless Assyria became the rod of His anger...and when He had finished with the oppressors, they too were judged. (Isa. 10:12) The Assyrians imagined that they had the freedom to plan their maneuvers. Nebuchadnezzar was God's servant. God raised up Cyrus to effect the deliverance of God's people.(Isa. 41: 2-4) Cyrus was God's Shepherd who fulfilled His predetermined purposes. The Hebrew people recognized that God had delivered them from their Egyptian and Babylonian oppression. Amos discerned that God's sovereignty plotted the movements of heathen nations. (Amos 2:10) God appoints their kings. Earthly kings bow before Him. (Psa 2:4) Any power they have is derive from God and He withdraws it at His will. (Isa. 37:21-29) His Kingdom rules over all. (Psa. 47:2, 7) The Sovereign God...

In the destiny of His people---The Sovereign God can be described as the King of Israel. When the Hebrew people appointed kings, they were in danger of forgetting God. God accepted responsibility for their welfare. God defeated heathen kings when they rose against His people. This theme is in psalmody (Psa. 105:14)...and prophetic tradition. (Jer. 51:20-24) The prophets anticipated a time when God's Soverign control would be given expression in the establishement of His kingdom. They saw Jerusalem as the center of this dominion. (Mic. 4:1-7)

In the lives of His children---He's soverign in the ordering of life...in individual men and women. The Psalmist refers to God as "my King". (Psa. 5:2) He's to be extolled. This King reveals Himself in times of need. The death of a king was an open invitation to rebellion. But Israel was made to see that, although Judah's throne was empty, God's eternal throne was not. (Isa. 6:5) The prophet realized God would bring salvation. Jeremiah rejoiced that "a glorious throne was the place of sanctuary. Perhaps the most superb illustration of God's sovereignty is in the story of Joseph. He looked back on affliction, but could discern the providential control of God. (Gen. 50:20)

In the work of His Son---Christ came to fulfil God's soverign purpose. His death wasn't an accident. He knew it was ahead (Jn. 2:4) Christ's death was part of God's soverign purposes. Judas, Pilate and the priests played subsidiary roles. The death of God's Son was allowed "according to the plan of God" (Acts 2:23) The prophets had predicted it, and it was all part of God's plan (Acts. 4:27)

In the extension of His dominion---Jesus made great use of "Kingdom" to describe God's work. The word (basileia) doesn't mean kingdom in the sense of geographical territory. It incicates the rule of God. In Christ's teaching the Gospel was God's kingly rule (Mk. 1:14, 15). Men can enter by repentance and faith.(Mk. 1:15) It's the work of God's Spirit; a new birth. The things of the kingdom are to be of the greatest importance. It's God's Kingdom (LK. 12:32) It's unshakeable and one that'll grow however men may work against it. (Mt. 13:31) Note "multiplied" in Acts. It's a story of irresistible growth (Acts 6: 1, 7) His disciples pray "Thy KIngdom come" (Lk. 11:2)

God Is Omniscient...

God is not limited by ignorance and uncertainty. He has perfect knowledge. (Job 36:4) He keeps watch...He doesn't confine His interest to Israel alone. Amos told that God knew the sins of one heathen nation against another. He was grieved about the cruelty of the Moabites to Edom, or the transgressions of Gaza and Tyre. (Amos 2:1) Before the prophet exposes the sins of Juday and Israel he show that God has seen all the atrocities of their neighbors. Nothing can be hidden. He's "a God of knowledge. He knows about individuals as well as empires.

He Discerns Our Secrets---It's only unbelieving men who suggest that God can't see their secrets, but God knows their plans and ambitions. He know the heart. God will judge these secrets. Everything will be made manifest. (Jer. 32:19)

He Reads Our Thoughts---Man is easily deceived. But God looks into hearts. He doesn't see as man sees. Psalm 139 is a detailed exposition of thes theme. Before man puts his ideas into words, God knows. He knows what we talk about. He knows about our generosity, prayer life and personal discipline. (Mt. 6:18)

He Realizes Our Limitations---He knew us before and know us better than anyone else. He remembers that we're dust. (Psa 103:14)

He Sees Our Troubles---God knew all about the distress of His people in Egyptian bondage. He knew what they would do. Once they came into Canaan, God continued to keep His eye on them. (Det. 11:12) When judgment came...some were tempted to believe that God had forsaken then. They forgot that He knew their sorrows. Because His eye was upon the exiles, they return. Once back nt eh land, God continued to look upon them in favor. (Ezra 5:5) God know about adversities. Jeremiah knew that God was aware of the hostility of his enemies. (Jer. 18:23) God revealed their cruel plans to His servant.(Jer. 11:18) Job, knew that God was conscious of his grief. (Job 23:10) He knows our needs. He know how to deliver us. (1 Cor. 10:13)

He Uncovers Our Sins---Men may try to hide their sins, but God sees. The sinner imagines that he can sin in secret. (Job 24:14) Further, He know our past sins. Achan imagined that nobody was aware of his theft. David thought his sin was secret (2 Sam 12:12) but he was publicly condemned. It was evil in God's sight. He sees iniquity. He know our secret faults. The believeing man askes that these sins will be revealed so he may forsake them. God tries the hearts and minds of sinful men...and, longs to forgive. (1 Jn. 1:10) Man's pride keeps Him from God. He knows our arrogance. This is one of the worst sins. Christ knew that this was the trouble with the Pharisees.(Lk. 16:15)

He Knows Our Faith---God's omniscience know those who will believe. (Rom 8:29) Because He knew those who would trust in Christ's saving workd, He set them apart. (Eph. 1:5) Although there's mor in the biblical idea of predestination, at least this much is quite clear in ght Scriptures.

He Determines Our Destiny---"The eye of the Lord" is upon those who love and obey Him (Psa. 33:18) He know them intimately. Jeremiah, for example, was assured that God knew him even before birth. (Jer. 1:5) Paul could say the same. God takes personal interest in insignificant man. He knows the path we will take, the movements of every day are His concern (Job 3: 4) He promises to guide us. He show us His way. The God who know us by name (Exod. 33:12)...and numbers the hairs of our heads (Lk 12:7)---is concerned about every detail.




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